Six cognitive strategy groupings can speed up learning, improve learner retention, and accelerate the learning process. Cognitive strategies are the
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thought processes with which people study and learn. Unlike metacognitive skills, which are higher-level functions, cognitive strategies are applicable to specific, practical learning situations. Good learners use a variety of strategies in the classroom
The six cognitive strategies for learning are:
1. Clustering: The student arranges data for easier grasp and retention.
2. Spatial: The learner arranges information visually in a way that makes it easy to understand and remember, like organizing steps into a flow chart.
3. Advance organizers: The instructor provides brief introductory information that helps the learner visualize the upcoming coursework.
4. Image-rich comparisons: The learner utilizes analogies, metaphors, and literal comparisons that bridge past knowledge with new learning.
5. Repetition: Learners practice content until they learn it, as when students learn their multiplication tables.
6. Memory aids: Learners use words, letters, or images in easy-to-remember ways that enhance retention of more complex subject matter